How to Plan a 2D Photogrammetry Mission with the Mavic 3 Enterprise


The most common type of mission flown with the Mavic 3 Enterprise (M3E) is for 2D photogrammetry. This article provides an overview of this mission planning process. 

Please view our other help articles if you plan to fly a linear/corridor mission or if you plan to create a KML and import that KML file for your mission plan.

2D Mission Planning

1. Power on your drone and remote controller (RC).

2. Connect your RC to a WiFi network or hotspot to ensure base maps will load to assist with mission planning. To connect to wifi, pull down from the top of the screen and tap the wifi icon.

3. From the home screen of DJI Pilot, tap Flight Route.

4. Tap the + sign in the top right and select Create a Route

5. Tap Area Route.

6. Locate your site by panning around the map and using two fingers to adjust the zoom. 

7. Tap the screen to begin drawing your mission area.

8. Edit the polygon to fit your desired survey area. When you are done editing your polygon, tap the blue check mark.

9. Adjust the mission name and the settings listed in the table below by navigating through several menus in the app. When you encounter settings in the app not mentioned in this table, leave them at their default.

Drone Setting Set to Question to Ask Yourself Reason
Drone / Camera M3E Series M3E Wide Which camera are you planning on using for this mission? The mission parameters will be different for different lenses, so make sure this is set accurately. 
Collection Type Ortho Collection Do I need vertical faces captured in my model? Select Ortho Collection if you do not need vertical faces to be captured in high detail. This will ensure your mission is as efficient as possible while collecting enough imagery to build an accurate 3D model.
Ortho GSD Default  Do I need to achieve a specific ground sample distance for this flight? View the GSD estimate to understand what resolution to expect with the current settings. Remember that manually increasing or decreasing the Ortho GSD value will alter other mission settings, such as flight route altitude.
ASL/ALT Relative to Takeoff Point (ALT) What elevation is your target altitude referenced to? Unless you are referencing to altitude above Sea Level (ASL) in the EGM96 geoid model, set this to ALT.
 
Route Altitude 200-400ft (60-120m) How high should I fly compared to the takeoff point? The height is a balance between how quickly you would like to complete your survey (higher makes it faster) and the ground sampling distance that you need. This range satisfies this balance.
Elevation Optimization Disabled Is my terrain or altitude expected to vary during flight? When enabled, the drone will take a few oblique images at the end of the flight. You do not need these to process your data with Propeller. 
Safe Takeoff Altitude User Preference Are there obstacles in my takeoff area? Set the Safe Takeoff Altitude to be higher than the tallest obstacle in your area. This will ensure the drone flies straight up until it is above the obstacles before traveling to your mission start point.
Speed Max Speed Allowable* How fast should I fly? *Unless you're trying to reach the required 10 minute mission time, increase the speed to minimize overall flight time. In low light conditions, reduce the speed and the shutter speed to ~1/800. 
Course Angle User Preference What direction should I fly to cover the survey area? Adjusted with the slide. Fewer turns means more area covered per battery. 
Upon Completion Return To Home What should I do after completing the mission? Safety and not losing your drone. Once completed, the drone will go back to the home point automatically. 
Advanced Setting Set to Question to Ask Yourself Reason
Target Surface to Takeoff Point 0 Is the terrain I want to survey at a different altitude than my homepoint? Unless the terrain you are surveying is at a very different altitude than your takeoff point, leave this setting at 0.
Side and Front Overlap Ratio ~80% How much should each of the images overlap each other? This provides enough overlap so if some images are missing or poor quality while still building a contiguous model. The lower the detail on the surface below, the higher your overlap should be. If you have a large area to survey, you can reduce the horizontal overlap (no lower than 60%) to increase the area you can cover per battery. 
Margin 0 How much margin do you want to leave around the survey area? Provided your flight boundary covers the entire area you wish to survey, you don't need any margin. 
Photo Mode Distance Interval Shot What metric is used to capture images? Distance shooting allows the drone to capture images with consistent overlap. 
Custom Camera Angle Disabled N/A Keeping this setting disabled will ensure your camera angle stays nadir (-90) and ideal for mapping.
Route Start Point User Preference Where do you want your mission start point to be located? Tapping the points on your mission boundary will allow you to set the start point location and update your flight route. Conserve battery by selecting the most ideal start point relative to the takeoff location.
Takeoff Speed User Preference How fast should the drone take off? Faster takeoff speeds will slightly reduce the battery voltage but may be necessary on active sites.

11. Tap the save icon on the left side to save your settings.

DJIPilot2_SaveIcon.png

12. Navigate to the camera settings by tapping the live M3E camera view. The map and camera view will switch places.

13. Adjust the camera settings as described in the table below. If you happen to encounter settings in the app not mentioned in this table, you can leave them at their default.

Note that in winter, or in low light conditions, there are special considerations to make. You may need to slow down the flight speed of the craft (to less than 10m/s) and adjust the shutter speed to 1/800 or 1/500 to allow enough light to hit the sensor.

Failure to do this can result in a high ISO and will reduce the quality of the images you capture.

Camera Settings Set to Question to Ask Yourself Reason
Mode S (Shutter Priority) How should the exposure be controlled? To avoid motion blur. Shutter priority tells the camera that a fixed shutter speed must be used. The camera can adjust the exposure with aperture and ISO.
Auto Exposure (AE) Unlocked Can the camera auto-adjust exposure? This needs to be unlocked for the camera to adjust the exposure with aperture and ISO. 
Shutter Speed 1/1/1000 How fast should the shutter close? 1000 is usually a good starting point for sunny conditions. In low-light conditions, reduce the shutter speed to ~800 and lower the speed. 
Focus Mode AFC N/A PLEASE NOTE: The M3E will automatically switch to Manual Focus (MF) at the start of each mission. This is expected, and no user input is required.
Camera Slider Bars Set to Question to Ask Yourself Reason
Image Ratio 4:3 How much of the image should I delete? 4:3 deletes nothing, utilizing the whole sensor. Everything else deletes data. 
Image Format JPG How should the images be saved? Images must be in a JPG format to upload to Propeller.
Lock Gimbal While Shooting Enabled Do you want the gimbal to lock in place while it takes a photo? Leave this on its default setting. This will help prevent blurry images. 
Mechanical Shutter Enabled Do I want my camera to use the mechanical shutter? A mechanical shutter uses the conventional front and rear shutter curtains at the front of the sensor. Not using the mechanical shutter will introduce distortion. 
Dewarping Enabled Should dewarping be applied by the camera? This will help improve the accuracy of your data. Disabling this setting can lead to lower accuracy. 

14. Double-check your settings in the Preflight Checklist and ensure dewarping is turned ON for best results. The Preflight Checklist will appear when you start your mission.

Check the airspace on your site before you arrive, and remember to charge your AeroPoints and drone batteries before your mission.


I still can't do it!

We wrote these articles to equip you with everything you need to get the job done on your own, but we understand that sometimes this isn't sufficient.

If you're stuck, the Propeller hardware support team may be able to help. You can contact them by emailing hardwaresupport@propelleraero.com.au.

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